Pharisees and Herodians look for ways to entangle Jesus in His talk.
They ask if it's lawful or not to pay taxes to Caesar or not.
Jesus sees right through their plan to trip Him up and calls them out on it.
He asks the money to be brought out to Him. Then He once again asks a question.
Whose image and inscription is on the coin?
After they answer Caesar He tells them give to Caesar what is His and give to God what belongs to God.
He wasn't looking to get into a philosophical debate. He gets right to the heart, the nitty gritty, and He makes them answer a question to get
to it. Wise to imitate. When there is something that is not going to be productive in furthering the gospel, don't get lured in by the bait to go on a rampage about it. Stand in what you know is truth and let those that want to debate about it be left to answer the question.
It's simple: give to God what belongs to Him and give to others what belongs to them. Simple.